The Turkish fascist Alparslan Tuerkes is dead
Of Olaf Goebel
"a convinced nationalist" died, titelte the FAZ of 7.4.1997. The Turkish president Sueleyman Demirel deplores a "large loss for the political life of Turkey" and the Turkish ANAP chairman Yilmaz calls the deceased a "large democrat". Prime Minister Erbakan and Aussenministerin Ciller appreciate him as historical shape.
The speech is of the fascist Alparslan Tuerkes, the "leader" of the right-wing extremists a "party of the Nationalisti movement" (MHP), which on weekend 80jaehrig in Ankara died.
The 1917 in Nikosia on Cyprus born Tuerkes along-coined/shaped the racistic Turkish nationalism for the forties crucially. In a confidential report of the boss to the German state police to the Foreign Office, to 9.10.1944 was communicated, "that it in the interest of the realm is appropriate to maintain with pan Turkish groups contact. So far existed due to their attitude good connections to the following persons: Alparslan Tuerkes, graduate of an officer school and leader of the pan Turkish movement... ". Turkish fascists were already supported in the 30's by the national socialists. Pan Tuerkisten fought in 2. World war on German side approximately partisans in Bosnia. Turkey remained nevertheless in the war neutral and for Tuerkes 1944 to ten years detention was condemned (1945 in second instance acquitted), because he tried Turkey on German side into the war to pull. Tuerkes in the procedure: "I regard it as honour because of Turanismus and racingism to be condemned. The administration of the state by humans of Turkish race is vitally necessary. The non--Turks with Turkish nationality, living in Turkey, are Tscherkessen, Bosniaken, Lazen, Albanian, Kurd etc.. One is to send it into the countries, where they belong." With this attitude it did not stand alone. "this country is a country of the Turks. Who from purely Turkish origin is not, only one right in this country has: to become the right servant to be the right slave "so the Minister of Justice at that time Mehmet Esat in the newspaper" Milliyet "of 31.8.1930.
After the war Turkey was integrated into the western block and developed as bulwark against communism. 1946 was forbidden left-oriented parties and trade unions. With the entrance of Turkey into the IWF, which was World Bank and OECD 1947 and the entry to NATO 1952 it in the western camp fully integrated. One year later was begun with the structure of the Turkish Gladio structure, in which Turkey admits better than Konterguerilla, whose task was and is interior and fight with regard to foreign policy against communism. The Turkish part of the secret federation was accommodated under the designation "anti-terrorist organization" in the same building as the US military mission. The Konterguerilla moves outside of any parliamentary control and consists today of an obscure network of secret services, military, police stations, "Dorfschuetzern" and "grey wolves", which are coordinated by the "department for special war guidance" (OHD), which is subordinated to the Turkish general staff.
Tuerkes was active until 1958 in the Turkish military mission in Washington. 1960 it, in the meantime Colonels of the Turkish army, emerged as a member of a group of 32 putschenden officers again in the Turkey, which the Menderes at that time government fell. He became a personal secretary of general Guersel, which was appointed after the seizure of power of the military the president. When Tuerkes the leaders became too powerful, one sent him as an Ambassador to India. 1963 he was arrested because of an alleged renewed Putschversuchs, but was not condemned from lack of proofs.
One year later it joined the small "republican national farmer party" (CKMP) and began it to a tautly organized pan Turkish organization to convert. Paramilitaeri training camps for young people were developed, in whom about 100,000 activists were trained. Since the military training was forbidden by party members, Tuerkes tried to camouflage the command camps as mechanisms of the national student federation. Nevertheless threatened the prohibition of its party, which Tuerkes forestalled 1969 with renaming the CKMP in MHP. Now the structure of one of the National Socialist SA began inspired combat team, with the name "Bozkurtlar", "grey wolves" - an allusion on that fabulous creature of the pantuerkischen legend, which was to have led and thus save once the last Turkish trunks from the Altai mountains in central Asia after Anatolien. As symbol they lead a red flag with three halbmonden turned on the backs.
The MHP was promoted 1975 to the coalition partner of the governing conservative "justice party" (AP) of the today's president Demirel. Tuerkes was appointed the vice-Prime Minister. The reign took three years and the MHP placed the tariff and monopoly Ministers. The party was merged at that time already in the world-wide weapon and heroin trade. A pecuniary resource until today gushes, as by the "Susurluk accident" in November last yearly could be proven, as connections between "grey wolves", informative with a car accident, "Dorfschuetzern", government circles, the Konterguerilla, which admits Mafia etc. became.
1978 came by an agent of the WITH for the first time details over the activities of the "grey wolves" to the public. The Todesschwadronen of Tuerkes was considered as the bestorganisiertesten cadre organizations in all Turkish cities. In its standard work D.A.S. (the general bases of the Turkish nationalistic and populist doctrine) it means: "national socialism is based on nationalism and a strong authority. In this sense socialism does not mean communism. This was used for the first time by Adolf Hitler and brought production in Germany on a height not to compare those with communist Russia was." Tuerkes preached the third way between capitalism and communism, "national socialism" to its trailers. Its plan was the combination of the Turkvoelker in the ehem. USSR and on the Balkans in a Turkish "large realm". The "grey wolves" served as illegal national special commands against the left organizations and trade unions. Their terror fell until the end of the 70's more than 2000 humans to the victim. Forcing the social arguments led until 1980 to a quasi civil war situation in Turkey. Thus the Militaerputsch was actually prepared from 12 September 1980.
After the putsch the MHP was forbidden and arrested Tuerkes. The national administrative machinery however remained interspersed with its Gefolgsleuten. When 1983 the party prohibition were again loosened, MHP successor organizations under other names were based; a part organized itself in the new motherland party (ANAP), another part in the fascist MCP (a national work party), the end of the 80's again with the "leader" Tuerkes into the MHP was transferred. With the parliamentary elections from October 1991 an alliance of MCP and the Islamic parties RP and IDP attained 16.9 per cent of the votes. Up to the recent elections it sat in the Turkish parliament and supported thereby unofficially the government of the conservative ones and Social Democrats. 1992 traveled Tuerkes to independent Azerbaijan, where he was celebrated as a hero. It occurred Baku for the presidency candidate of the people front, Abulfas Eltschibej, with the "grey wolves" sympathized. After its choice Eltschibej Iskender Gamidow appointed an incalculable extremist, who made and openly for the creation of a largeTurkish realm occurred no make no secret from its affiliation to the "grey wolves" as the Minister of the Interior, which should the north Iran include and until Siberia, China and India extend. Gamidow was forced in April 1993 to the resignation, after he had threatened Armenia with a nuclear weapon attack.
With the last elections 1995 the MHP with 8,5 per cent failed because of the ten-per cent hurdle, because meanwhile the government parties had taken over their ultranationalistischen sayings and had extracted their voter in such a way. Nevertheless MHP representatives to today numerous mayor and governor posts in Turkey occupy.
In Germany officially a MHP representation abroad with seat in Ludwigshafen, as well as with approach places in 40 German cities existed since 1973. Already 1970 looked for Tuerkes the contact to the NPD, from which he received financial election campaign assistance to 1977. Hitler's "my fight" of the MHP also in Turkish language one drives out. 1977 received DVU boss Gerhard Frey Tuerkes with its visit of Germany.
Under Turkish Migranten in the Federal Republic the "grey wolves" are active since their establishment. After the putsch they organized themselves in the FRG in most diverse culture -, sport and so-called Idealistenvereinen. Until today numerous assaults on left and democratic asylum-seekers and Arbeitsmigranten from Turkey and Kurdistan go out with them. Also connections to German right-wing extremists, up to personal contacts between Alparslan Tuerkes and Franz Josef bunch, are occupied. Under the name ADUETDF the MHP 1994 organized its annual general meeting in Sindelfingen. 10,000 participants welcomed the "leader" Tuerkes as speakers beside the Turkish Ambassador. 1996 took place the meeting already in the Essener Grugahalle.
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